acoustic neuritis treatment

What is acoustic neuritis ?

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What is acoustic neuritis ?

Acoustic neuritis or vestibular neuritis causes a range of annoying symptoms, and fortunately, there are many ways to treat this problem effectively, and through the following we will learn about the most prominent methods of treating acoustic neuritis available:

acoustic neuritis treatment

Treatment methods for acoustic neuritis include:

1. Medicines

There is a group of medicines that contribute to the treatment of acoustic neuritis or relieve its symptoms, and these medicines are usually prescribed for a short period of time not exceeding three days, and these medicines are summarized as follows:

  • Antiemetics, such as metoclopramide, ondansetron, or promethazine, to control nausea and vomiting caused by inflammation.
  • Antihistamines, such as: Almklizin (Meclizine) and sedatives such as lorazepam (Lorazepam) or diazepam (Diazepam) or Alcolmbazin (Compazine), to control the symptoms of dizziness and vertigo.
  • Antivirals, such as: Acyclovir if the cause of acoustic neuritis is a viral infection.
  • Steroids, including prednisone, can help reduce inflammation and speed up the healing process. However, these medications are usually infrequently prescribed.
  • Intravenous fluids, if dehydration occurs and usually given in severe vomiting that has not been controlled by the use of anti-emetic medications.

2. Vestibular rehabilitation

Vestibular rehabilitation is one of the specialized physical therapy programs to treat and rehabilitate health problems caused by acoustic neuritis. This program includes practicing a set of specific exercises that contribute to retraining the brain to adapt to changes in balance and to improve problems caused by vertigo.

The exercises that a person with acoustic neuritis will do may include the following:

  • Exercises to rebalance the body in general.
  • Vision stabilization exercises.
  • Walking exercises.
  • Exercises to move and tighten the neck.
  • Muscle strengthening and lengthening exercises.

Home tips for treating acoustic neuritis

There are several things that should be done or avoided during the treatment of acoustic neuritis, in order to alleviate the symptoms of the problem. These tips include the following:

  • Get enough rest.
  • Make sure to drink enough fluids, to avoid the risk of dehydration.
  • Avoid foods and drinks that are high in sugar, salt and solid foods.
  • Eat clear foods or liquids when symptoms of vomiting or nausea begin to improve. These include: clear broth, jelly beans, coconut water, or mint tea.
  • Eat light meals after symptoms improve significantly, such as: toast or your favorite soup with some crackers.
  • Avoid caffeinated drinks, such as: tea and coffee, and avoid smoking and drinking alcohol.
  • Avoid eating dairy products.

Can auditory neuritis recur after treatment?

The recurrence of the problem of acoustic neuritis is rare, and it is worth noting that the cure rate is estimated at more than 95%, but this problem can become a chronic condition if the auditory nerve or the inner ear is permanently damaged and destroyed , which may occur as a result of viral infection.

In general, the methods used to treat acoustic neuritis mentioned above can greatly relieve symptoms, however, this condition can be completely cured on its own without resorting to medical interventions within a period of time ranging from weeks to several months.

When should you receive emergency medical attention?

After clarifying the most important information related to the treatment of acoustic neuritis, here are some cases that require emergency medical attention:

1. Dehydration

Sometimes acoustic neuritis may cause severe vomiting that can lead to dehydration, which in turn may lead to a life-threatening problem medically called shock, so the patient should seek urgent medical attention if the following symptoms appear:

  • Dry mouth and extreme thirst.
  • Lack of urination with a change in the color of urine to dark yellow.
  • dizziness;
  • difficulty concentrating
  • Exhaustion.
  • Low level of oxygen in the Blood.
  • Reduction of Blood pressure.
  • Rapid heartbeat.

2. Stroke

The symptoms of a stroke can be similar to the symptoms of acoustic neuritis, so if you suspect a stroke, you should go to the emergency room as soon as possible if you feel the following symptoms:

  • vision problems
  • stutter speech
  • Weakness on one side of the body.
  • Feeling of numbness or tingling in the body.

source : wikipedia

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