Heart perforations in children

Heart perforations in children: the most important information

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Heart perforations in children: the most important information

Heart perforations , A percentage of children are born with a hole in the heart as a result of a congenital malformation, so what does having a hole in the heart in children mean?

Heart perforations in children

 Heart holes in children are congenital holes that appear from the early stages of heart development. There is no known cause for them. The causes of infection may be genetic or due to environmental factors such as the mother’s nutrition and the medications she took during pregnancy.

Types of heart holes in children

Types of congenital heart holes:

1. Atrial septal defect

A hole in the wall separating the atria that increases the amount of blood flowing through the lungs. An atrial septal defect can cause heart and lung failure. Many children who are infected with it since birth may not have any signs of disease and then start to appear at puberty. 

Symptoms

Pathological indications include:

  • Shortness of breath, especially when exercising.
  • feeling tired
  • Swelling in the legs, feet or abdomen.
  • heart rhythm disturbance;
  • stroke .

Diagnosis

Among the tests that detect the presence of a hole in the septum between the atria:

  • Echocardiogram .
  • Chest X-ray.
  • Cardiac catheterization .
  • Magnetic resonance imaging.

treatment

Treatment depends on several factors, including: age, severity of symptoms, and sometimes the size of the hole.

Some atrial septal defects may resolve on their own during childhood, but others require surgical intervention.

2. Ventricular septal defect

A hole in the septal wall between the ventricles that allows blood to pass from the left to the right side of the heart. The oxygenated blood is then pumped to the lungs instead of to the body. Symptoms may appear in the first days, weeks or months of a child’s life.

Symptoms

Pathological indications include:

  • shortness of breath.
  • pallor.
  • Not gaining weight.
  • Rapid heartbeat . 
  • Sweating while breastfeeding.
  • Frequent respiratory infections.

Diagnosis

Among the tests that detect the presence of a hole in the septum between the atria:

  • Chest X-ray.
  • echocardiogram
  • Cardiac catheterization.
  • Measure the level of oxygen in the blood.
  • Electrocardiogram device .

treatment

Treatment depends on several factors, including: the size of the hole, symptoms, and the general health of the child. The doctor performs a periodic examination to make sure that there are no signs of heart failure and that the hole resolves on its own.

If the hole does not close on its own or if it is large, surgical intervention is performed.

source : wikipedia

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