What does it mean when TB is dormant?
What is Latent TB Infection? Persons with latent TB infection do not feel sick and do not have any symptoms. They are infected with M. tuberculosis, but do not have TB disease.
How is dormant tuberculosis treated?
There are several regimens for the treatment of dormant tuberculosis using different antibiotics. In the following, we will learn how dormant tuberculosis is treated using each system:
1. Treatment of dormant tuberculosis with isoniazid
Dormant tuberculosis is treated with isoniazid alone for 9 months, either as a daily dose or two doses per week via a plan called Direct Observation Therapy (DOT), which offers several benefits, including:
- Dose reminders.
- Ensure that there are no problems while taking the medication.
- Finish the medication as soon as possible.
Isoniazid side effects
Treatment of inactive tuberculosis with isoniazid causes several side effects, including:
- Stomach pain and loss of appetite.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- numbness in hands and feet
2. Treatment of inactive tuberculosis with isoniazid and rifapentine
Dormant tuberculosis is treated with isoniazid and rifapentine for 12 weeks as a single weekly dose.
It is worth noting that this treatment regimen should not be used by pregnant women, children under two years and anyone receiving treatment against AIDS.
Rifapentin side effects
This treatment regimen causes a number of side effects. In addition to the side effects of isoniazid, rifampentine may cause several symptoms, including:
- Red color of urine, sweat, saliva and tears.
3. Treatment of dormant tuberculosis with rifampin
Dormant tuberculosis is treated with rifampin for 4 months as a single daily dose using the DOT plan.
Rifampin side effects
Rifampin may cause a number of side effects, such as:
- Yellowing or redness of the skin and teeth, urine and sweat.
- feeling confused
- Nausea and vomiting.
Tips for treating dormant tuberculosis
There are a number of tips that must be followed when receiving inactive tuberculosis treatment, including the following:
- do not take acetaminophen or any form of alcohol for the duration of treatment; for the possibility of endangering the liver.
- Take medicine for inactive tuberculosis on an empty stomach, either one hour before or two hours after eating.
- Do not eat dairy products while treating inactive tuberculosis.
- the need to use a contraceptive when taking rifampin; As hormonal contraceptives will not be useful.
- When examining future tuberculosis, X-ray images are used; Skin and blood tests will always give positive results.
- Isoniazid may cause numbness of the extremities; Therefore, the doctor may dispense vitamin B6 for the duration of the treatment.