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Kidney Salts

How bad is salt for your kidneys?

How bad is salt for your kidneys?

Diets high in salt are high in sodium, which can increase blood pressure and, in turn, harm your kidneys. Flavor your foods with herbs and spices instead of salt. Over time, you may find it easier to avoid using added salt (sodium) on your food.

Kidney Salts

The kidneys play an important role in maintaining the general health of the human being, by purifying the blood from waste and toxins, distributing minerals and maintaining the balance of fluid levels in the body. Some may develop what is known as kidney salts, which are considered serious health problems.

What are kidney salts?

An increase in the proportion of salts in the blood forms solid masses made of crystals called kidney stones or salts, and they originate inside the kidneys, however, they can develop anywhere along the urinary tract , such as: the ureters, the bladder, and your body usually gets rid of unwanted fluids By filtering the blood through the kidneys, this requires a balance between sodium and potassium.

Reduced salt consumption can maintain this balance, thus limiting the formation of stones or kidney salts.

What are the types of kidney salts?

Kidney stones are one of the most painful medical conditions. Here are the main types:

1. Calcium stones

They are small stones composed of calcium phosphate, and they can remain inside the kidneys, or move out of the body through the urinary system , and in order to prevent infection, you must refrain from eating some salty foods, such as: potato chips and peanuts.

On the other hand, following a diet that contains enough calcium limits the formation of this type of salts or stones.

2. Uric acid

This type of kidney salts is more common in men, and the incidence of infection may increase in patients with gout or people who have undergone chemotherapy, and uric acid develops when the acidity level in the urine is increased, sometimes resulting from the frequent consumption of food foods rich in purines, which are It is a colorless substance found in animal proteins, such as: fish, shellfish, and meat.

3. Struvite

These kidney salts are mostly seen in women with urinary tract infections, and they can be large and obstruct the urine, and they are formed as a result of infection in the kidneys.

Causes of kidney salts

There are several factors and health reasons behind the formation of kidney salts, such as:

  • Age: The incidence of kidney salts increases in people between the ages of 20 and 50 years.
  • Skin color:  White skinned people have a higher percentage of kidney salts than black skinned people.
  • Gender: Men are more likely than women to have CKD, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK).

Kidney disease risk factors

There are factors that increase the risk of developing kidney stones, including:

  • Obesity or severe obesity.
  • Dehydration due to not drinking enough water.
  • A diet that contains high levels of protein, salt or glucose.
  • Inflammatory bowel diseases that increase calcium absorption.
  • Taking certain drugs, such as: diuretics, antibiotics, and calcium-based antacids.

Symptoms and signs of kidney salts

If you have any of the signs below, you may have what is known to a doctor as kidney stones:

  • Renal colic is severe pain on one side of your back or abdomen.
  • Appearance of blood in the urine.
  • vomiting, nausea;
  • Urine smells foul.
  • Having a fever.
  • Frequent need to urinate.
  • Urinate small amounts of urine.

Diagnosis of kidney salts

Your doctor may ask you to perform the following tests:

  1. Blood tests for calcium, phosphorous, uric acid and electrolytes.
  2. Urinalysis to check for crystals, bacteria, blood, and white cells.
  3. X-rays, such as:
  • Abdominal X-ray.
  • Retro bibliographic image.
  • Ultrasound of the kidneys.
  • MRI of the abdomen and kidneys.
  • Abdominal CT scan.

Kidney salts treatment

There are several treatment methods for kidney salts, including:

1. Medicines

The most important of which are the following:

  • Pain relievers.
  • Antibiotics in case of a kidney infection.
  • Diuretics to prevent the formation of calcium stones.
  • Sodium bicarbonate or sodium citrate to make urine less acidic.
  • Phosphorous solutions to prevent the formation of calcium stones.

2. Lithotripsy

A sound wave is used to break up large stones. This procedure may require light sedation, but it can cause some side effects, such as: bruising on the abdomen and back, and bleeding around the kidneys and nearby organs.

3. Surgery

The doctor may resort to this option if the kidney salts result in stones or large stones , or if the patient is unable to control the pain.

source : wikipedia 

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