Parkinson’s disease

What does Parkinson's disease do to a person?

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What does Parkinson’s disease do to a person?

is a brain disorder that leads to shaking, stiffness, and difficulty with walking, balance, and coordination. Parkinson’s symptoms usually begin gradually and get worse over time. As the disease progresses, people may have difficulty walking and talking.

Parkinson’s disease

Parkinson’s disease is a disease that appears gradually and often begins with an almost imperceptible and invisible tremor in one hand, and while the appearance of a tremor is the most obvious distinguishing feature of Parkinson’s disease, the syndrome generally leads to slowing or freezing of movement as well, and friends and family members can notice immobility in facial features Unable to articulate, arms not moving on either side of the body when walking, and speech often becoming sluggish and stuttering.

The symptoms of Parkinson’s disease get worse as the disease progresses further, and although it is not possible to cure Parkinson’s disease, many types of medications to treat the disease can help relieve symptoms, and in certain cases, surgical treatments may be needed.

 symptoms

Symptoms that accompany Parkinson’s disease vary from person to person, and the initial symptoms may be only implicit and not be noticeable for many months or even many years, symptoms begin to appear first on one side of the body and are always more severe and dangerous on that same side in the future.

Parkinson’s disease symptoms include:

1. Shivering or shivering

The characteristic tremor that accompanies Parkinson’s disease often begins in one hand, and appears as rubbing the thumb with the index finger with frequent forward and backward movement Also called a spinning tremor, this is the most common symptom, but in a large proportion of Parkinson’s patients there is no tremor strong observable.

2. Slow motion

may limit the patient’s ability to carry out voluntary movements and actions, which may make simpler and easier daily activities complicated tasks and require a longer period of time. It makes it difficult for him to take the first step.

3. Muscle stiffness

Muscle stiffness often appears in the limbs and in the back of the neck, and it can sometimes be so severe that it restricts range of motion and is accompanied by severe pain.

4. Improper stature and imbalance

Parkinson’s patients may have a hunched stature as a result of the disease, and they may also suffer from imbalance, which is a common symptom in Parkinson’s patients, although it is generally mild to the most advanced stages of the disease.

5. Loss of involuntary movement

Eye blinking, smiling and moving hands when walking are involuntary movements that are an integral part of being a human being, but these movements appear in Parkinson’s patients less frequently and even disappear at all sometimes, and some Parkinson’s patients may have a frozen look without the ability to blink Others may appear without any expressive movements or may appear fake when they speak.

6. Changes in speech

The majority of Parkinson’s patients have difficulty speaking. The Parkinson’s patient’s speech may become softer, monophonic, and monophonic, and may swallow parts of words from time to time, or may repeat words he said before, or may become hesitant when he wants to speak.

7. Dementia

In the advanced stages of the disease, some Parkinson’s patients have memory problems and partially lose their mental clarity, and in this area, medications used to treat Alzheimer’s disease may help   reduce some of these symptoms to a milder degree.

Parkinson’s disease causes and risk factors

Most of the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease result from a deficiency in a chemical transporter in the brain called dopamine , this happens when certain cells in the brain that are responsible for producing dopamine die or die, but researchers do not know for sure yet the first and basic factor that causes this A series of processes, and some researchers believe that genetic changes or environmental toxins have an impact on the emergence of Parkinson’s disease.

Risk factors for developing Parkinson’s disease include:

1. The tooth

Young people rarely get Parkinson’s disease. Parkinson disease appears in general, in middle age and in the elderly, and with age more and more, the risk of developing Parkinson’s also increases. The following are the most prominent risk factors for Parkinson’s disease:

1. Heredity

If one or more relatives have Parkinson’s disease in the family, the risk of developing Parkinson’s disease increases, although this probability does not exceed 5%, and evidence has recently been revealed that prove the existence of a complete network of genes responsible for programming brain structure and function.

2. Gender

Men are more likely to develop Parkinson’s disease than women.

3. exposure to toxins

Continuous exposure to weed killers and pesticides slightly increases the risk of developing Parkinson’s.

Parkinson’s disease complications

Parkinson’s disease is often accompanied by additional problems, including:

  • Depression.
  • Sleep disorders.
  • Problems chewing or swallowing.
  • Urination problems.
  • constipation;
  • Problems with sexual performance.

Some medications designed to treat Parkinson’s disease may cause a number of complications and complications, including: trembling or shaking in the arms or legs, hallucinations, lack of sleep and a sharp drop in blood pressure when changing the position from sitting to standing.

Parkinson’s disease diagnosis

There are no tests for early diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease, so it can be difficult to establish an initial diagnosis, especially in the early stages of Parkinson’s disease. In addition, Parkinson’s symptoms can be caused by a variety of other problems, such as:

1. Other disorders of nervous origin

Primary essential tremor, dementia with lewy bodies, systemic atrophy affecting many body systems and paralysis, each of these disorders is characterized by many of the typical symptoms of Parkinson’s disease.

2. Medicines

If a person is taking such medicines, it is possible that he will have symptoms similar to the symptoms that characterize Parkinson’s disease, but these symptoms disappear when that person stops taking these medicines, including medicines to treat psychotic phenomena such as:

  • كلوربرومازين (Chlorpromazine).
  • هاليدول (Haloperidol).
  • بروكلوربيرازين (Prochlorperazine).
  • Metoclopramide.

3. Toxic substances

Exposure to carbon monoxide, cyanide or other toxic substances may elicit symptoms similar to those characteristic of Parkinson’s disease.

4. Head injury

It has been shown that a one-time head injury, as well as repetitive head injuries such as those that characterize the sport of boxing, are also associated with the appearance of symptoms similar to those characteristic of Parkinson’s, although the odds of this occurring are very small.

5. Problems with the structure of the brain

Stroke  or fluid buildup in the brain can mimic features characteristic of Parkinson’s disease. The diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease is based on the patient’s medical history and a neurological examination.

As part of treatment, the treating neurologist may ask to know what medications the patient is taking regularly and whether they have family Parkinson’s conditions. A neurological exam includes an assessment of the patient’s gait and coordination as well as their ability to perform many simple manual tasks.

Parkinson’s disease can be confirmed if:

  • The subject had at least two of the three main symptoms of Parkinson’s disease: tremor, slow movement, and muscle stiffness .
  • Symptoms are concentrated on only one side of the body.
  • The tremor is intensified at rest, for example: when the hands are on the legs.
  • The person’s body responds to the medication levodopa used to treat Parkinson’s disease.

Parkinson’s disease treatment

The initial reaction to receiving the news of Parkinson’s disease may be severe and difficult, but over time the medication reduces the symptoms so that these become satisfactorily controlled.

The attending physician can recommend the patient to make changes in his daily lifestyle, such as: adopting physical and natural treatments, proper healthy nutrition , and practicing physical activity in addition to taking medications, and in certain cases, surgical treatment may be of benefit.

1. Pharmacotherapy

Pharmacotherapy can help overcome walking problems and control tremors, by raising the level of dopamine in the brain. It is indicated here that there is no benefit in taking dopamine itself because it cannot penetrate the brain, and the most common drug for treating Parkinson’s disease is levodopa.

The more Parkinson’s disease progresses, the less effective levodopa becomes.

  • Dopamine balancing drugs.
  • COMT-Catechol O-methyltransferase (COMT-Catechol O-methyltransferase) inhibitors.
  • Inhibitors of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine in the parasympathetic nervous system
  • Antivirals

2. The surgery

Deep intracerebral stimulation is the most common surgical procedure to treat Parkinson’s disease. The surgery involves implanting an electrical conductor deep into the areas of the brain responsible for body movements.

The degree of electrical stimulation that is transferred across these connectors are monitored by a similar device regulator beats the heart  (Artificial pacemaker) that are cultivated under the surface of the skin in the upper chest, is inserted into a wire connector and passed under the skin ‘s surface to connect to the device that is called the pulse generator in the first party in Mosul electric at the other end.

This surgery is often used in people with very advanced Parkinson’s disease whose condition does not stabilize even after taking levodopa.

It is possible that this therapeutic procedure helps to achieve stability and stability in the drug doses and to reduce the involuntary movements, but this surgery is not effective in treating dementia and may even lead to aggravation and worsening of the situation.

Parkinson’s disease prevention

Here are the top tips for preventing Parkinson’s disease:

  • Eat fresh and raw vegetables.
  • Include omega-3 fatty acids in your diet.
  • Eat foods rich in vitamin D.
  • Drink green tea.
  • Do aerobic exercise regularly.

Alternative therapies

The most important ways that may help relieve symptoms of Parkinson’s disease include the following:

1. Take Coenzyme Q10

Parkinson’s patients suffer from low levels of coenzyme Q10, which some researchers believe helps improve symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. Coenzyme Q10 can be obtained from pharmacies, but you should consult your doctor before taking this alternative to ensure general safety.

2. Massage

Massage therapy relieves tension and tension in the muscles and promotes calmness of the body and soul, which may be especially beneficial for people suffering from muscle stiffness caused by Parkinson’s.

3. Tai Chi

A type of ancient Chinese sport that consists of slow and fluid bodily movements that improve flexibility and balance, and there are many forms of tai chi that can be specially adapted to anyone of any age and any physical position.

4. Yoga

Yoga is an additional form of physical activity that contributes to improving flexibility and balance, and the greater part of the postures can be adapted to suit the physical capabilities of each person.

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