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Penicillin injection for rheumatic fever

Can penicillin treat rheumatic fever?

Can penicillin treat rheumatic fever?

The goals of treatment for rheumatic fever are to destroy remaining group A streptococcal bacteria, relieve symptoms, control inflammation and prevent the condition from returning. Treatments include: Antibiotics. Your child’s doctor will prescribe penicillin or another antibiotic to eliminate remaining strep bacteria.

Penicillin injection for rheumatic fever

Penicillin injections for rheumatic fever are injections that contain a type of penicillin compound called Penicillin G, also called Benzylpenicillin.

Penicillin C is an effective antibiotic, which is the first choice in treating or preventing recurrence of Streptococcus infections or acute rheumatic fever.

In fact, rheumatic fever is not an infectious disease, but rather a type of autoimmune disease, but it may occur as a result of severe complications that may result when strep throat, or scarlet fever, is not treated , and streptococcus bacteria are Group A streptococcus is the most common type of bacteria that causes disease.

In addition, rheumatic fever and frequent sore throats can cause permanent damage to the valves and heart muscle, which can lead to heart failure.

Thus, various treatment methods, including penicillin C injections, can help reduce the damage caused by inflammation, relieve pain, prevent recurrence of rheumatic fever, or prevent rheumatic heart disease, especially in children.

Types of penicillin injections

Penicillin C injections work by killing disease-causing bacteria, as there are multiple types of these injections, which vary according to their doses, and according to the nature of other ingredients added to the composition of Penicillin C, in addition to their different pharmacological physical condition, including aqueous solutions, or suspended solutions, including Powders that need to be prepared before use.

In general, penicillin C injections are divided according to the method of administration into two main types, which include the following: 

  • Intramuscular injections : These are injections that have long-acting effectiveness, so they can be given monthly. Intramuscular injections are the most used to prevent recurrence of rheumatic fever or to prevent rheumatic heart disease.
  • Intravenous injections : These are injections that have a fast-acting effect, so they can be given as a single dose in the treatment of acute cases of rheumatic fever, or for the treatment of other acute infections.

Other uses for penicillin C injection

After reviewing the most important information related to penicillin injections for rheumatic fever, let’s discover together the other uses of these injections.

Here are some other bacterial infections that can be treated with penicillin C injections: 

  • Acute pneumonia (Pneumonia).
  • Syphilis (Syphilis).
  • Septicemia.
  • Endocarditis (Endocarditis).
  • Meningitis.
  • Pericarditis (Pericarditis).
  • Actinomycosis.
  • Botulism.
  • Gas gangrene (Gas Gangrene).
  • diphtheria.
  • tetanus;
  • Anthrax (Anthrax).
  • Rat-bite fever.

side effects of penicillin injection

Penicillin C injection may cause some side effects, which may range in severity from mild to severe, some of which are: 

1. Common side effects

Common side effects include:

  • Pain, bruising, swelling, or bleeding at the injection site.
  • headache or dizziness;
  • feeling tense
  • Swelling of the face, tongue, eyes, hands, or lower legs.
  • urticaria ;
  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • Muscle and joint pain.

2. Other side effects

Some other side effects may also appear:

  • pallor of the skin;
  • Urinary problems or change in color.
  • sore throat.
  • difficulty swallowing;
  • Hoarseness of the voice.
  • Desire to itch.
  • malaise;
  • fever and chills;
  • Lip color changed to blue.
  • Oral thrush, also called oral thrush.
  • Ease of bruising.
  • Muscle weakness, numbness and tingling.
  • Muscle spasm.
  • Severe diarrhea, which may be bloody or watery, and may be accompanied by severe stomach cramps or fever.
  • high heart rate;
  • Low blood pressure.
  • Breathing difficulty.
  • Difficulty concentrating or hallucinations.
  • Convulsive fits.
  • sweating;
  • In the event that syphilis is treated with these injections, the body may show a systemic reaction several hours after the injection of this medicine, and this condition is called the Jarisch -Herxheimer reaction.

Important warnings before using penicillin injection

Penicillin injections are contraindicated in people who have an allergic reaction to antibiotics that contain a type of penicillin or cephalosporin. These reactions are called penicillin allergy or any of the components of these injections. 

The following problems must be taken into account before using penicillin C injections, with the need to share them with the specialist doctor: 

  • Use any type of vaccination.
  • Having some health problems, such as kidney disease, heart disease, asthma, allergic rhinitis, or any type of allergy .
  • pregnancy or breastfeeding
  • Use any kind of medication.

source : wikipedia

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