peptic ulcer

Do peptic ulcers go away?

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Do peptic ulcers go away?

Left untreated, many ulcers eventually heal. But ulcers often recur if the cause of the ulcer is not eliminated or treated. If ulcers keep coming back, you have an increased risk of developing a serious complication, such as bleeding or a hole in the wall of your stomach or intestine.

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peptic ulcer

is a wound that usually appears in the inner membrane of the stomach wall or in the upper part of the small intestine. A peptic ulcer forms when the protective membrane of the stomach or intestines is damaged. As a result of such damage, stomach juices may cause a wound to appear in the stomach or intestine wall.

Acidic stomach juices that contain hydrochloric acid and enzymes called pepsin may also damage the area of ​​the esophagus, the tube that goes down from the mouth to the stomach.

Contrary to the belief that prevailed in the past, peptic ulcer is not inevitable today, as it is not a medical condition that patients must get used to living with it throughout their lives. .

The peptic ulcer that originates in the stomach cavity is called a gastric ulcer, and the ulcer that originates in the duodenum is called a duodenal ulcer.

peptic ulcer symptoms

The pain generally disappears for a certain period of time when taking antacids or antacids, as peptic ulcers may appear in general accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • burning sensation
  • Pinching and pain in the area between the navel and the sternum.
  • Back aches. This pain may last for a few minutes or a few hours, and it may appear in succession over a few weeks.
  • Loss of appetite and weight loss.
  • Feeling bloated or nauseous after eating.
  • vomiting;
  • Vomiting with blood or a substance resembling coffee grounds.
  • Black, tar-like stools or stools with dark streaks of blood.

Causes and risk factors for peptic ulcers

There are two main factors for the appearance of peptic ulcers:

  • Inflammation caused by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori ( the Helicobacter pylori infection ).
  • Take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

H. pylori and NSAIDs break down the protective mucous membrane of the inner wall of the digestive tract, and this mucous membrane prevents stomach juices from harming the stomach and intestines.

Complications of peptic ulcer

The main complications of peptic ulcer disease include:

  • bleeding;
  • stomach perforation;
  • blockage;

Diagnosis of peptic ulcer

If you suspect a peptic ulcer, the treating doctor will ask you questions about your symptoms and your general health, in addition to doing a complete physical exam.

Sometimes, if the doctor suspects that there is a peptic ulcer or another disease, such as indigestion,  whose symptoms are similar to those of peptic ulcers, he first tries to treat the symptoms with the help of some medications even before trying to find out the cause of it.

If the symptoms are not severe and the person in question is under the age of 55, the doctor will order some simple tests to look for signs of the presence of H. pylori.

The only way to confirm the diagnosis of a digestive ulcer is to undergo a more complex medical examination called an endoscopy, in an attempt to detect an ulcer or infection caused by the H. pylori bacteria. With an endoscopic examination, the doctor can see the inside of the esophagus, stomach, and intestines.

An endoscopic examination is generally performed by a gastroenterologist, and it is also possible to perform an endoscopy examination if the treating doctor suspects that the symptoms indicate stomach cancer and not a peptic ulcer, which is a very rare condition, during which the doctor can take a small sample from the wall of the stomach. The stomach or intestines, and he may send the sample to a laboratory to check if it contains cancerous cells.

peptic ulcer treatment

In order to treat peptic ulcers, most people may have to take medications in order to reduce the amount of digestive juices, and in the event of infection caused by the Helicobacter pylori germ, a treatment based on taking antibiotics should be started.

If the doctor prescribes an antibiotic treatment to treat the infection, the patient must take the full amount of tablets that the doctor prescribed, and in such a case, the infection is likely to be treated and completely cured.

It is not recommended to ignore the symptoms that indicate the presence of ulcers, as they constitute a medical condition that requires treatment, and although the symptoms may disappear for a certain period, the peptic ulcer will remain.

If an ulcer remains in the digestive tract without proper treatment, it can cause life-threatening health problems. Even with treatment, certain types of ulcers may reappear in the digestive tract, requiring additional and more comprehensive treatment.

Prevention of peptic ulcer

Stomach ulcers can be prevented by the following:

  • Avoid foods that irritate your stomach.
  • stop smoking.
  • Take NSAIDs with food, as this may reduce the risk of irritation of the stomach lining.
  • Learn how to control your stress levels.
  • Reduce the amount of alcohol you drink.

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