What does potassium do for the male body?
Potassium is one of the most important minerals in the body. It helps regulate fluid balance, muscle contractions and nerve signals. What’s more, a high-potassium diet may help reduce blood pressure and water retention, protect against stroke and prevent osteoporosis and kidney stones.
Potassium is an essential mineral and electrolyte that plays an important role in many body functions, as the body needs it to stay healthy.
Potassium is responsible for regulating fluid and mineral balance inside and outside the cells of the body. Potassium plays an important role in men’s health. This importance is illustrated in the following benefits of potassium for men:
1. Regulating blood pressure
Men are at risk of developing blood pressure imbalances, as the American Heart Association found that foods containing potassium can help regulate blood pressure by reducing the negative effect of sodium.
High levels of sodium can increase the risk of developing high blood pressure , in turn potassium reduces this risk by helping the body get rid of sodium and relax the walls of blood vessels, which reduces the chance of heart attacks and heart disease.
2. Improve bone and muscle density
The benefits of potassium for men highlight that potassium is a very important mineral in maintaining muscle mass in men with age, as some health conditions cause muscle wasting.
Potassium also contributes to increasing bone mineral density by reducing the acidic content of the diet, which helps maintain calcium levels in the bones.
3. Enhancing male fertility
Potassium is an essential mineral in the formation of semen in men, as potassium contributes to the enhancement of sexual ability and fertility in men.
4. Promote kidney health
Low potassium levels inhibit the ability of the kidneys to absorb calcium, as high levels of calcium in the kidneys cause kidney stones, so it is preferable to increase potassium levels in specific amounts in the diet to help calcium absorption and reduce the risk of kidney stones.
What is the right amount of potassium?
To ensure the benefits of potassium for men, be sure to eat foods that contain potassium. Adult men are recommended to take 4,700 milligrams/day, whether from diet only or with potassium supplements, and these supplements should be taken with water or juice.
There is no clear upper limit for potassium, so this should be done under the supervision of a doctor.
Among the natural food sources rich in potassium are the following:
- the banana.
- artichoke ;
- Nuts such as walnuts and almonds.
- Dairy products.
- Green leafy vegetables such as: lettuce, watercress, spinach, mallow, and parsley.
- Peas, beans.
It is important to know that the boiling method reduces the potassium content of some foods.
Categories most at risk of potassium deficiency
Potassium deficiency is more common in men:
- They are taking diuretics.
- They are making physical effort.
- They exercise in hot weather and sweat excessively, especially athletes.
- They suffer from health conditions that affect the absorption of food after digestion, such as: Crohn’s disease.
- Suffer from eating disorders.
- Smokers .
Potassium side effects
Despite the benefits of potassium for men, there is a group of potassium damage, which is explained in the following:
1. Kidney problems
Excessive potassium intake causes the kidneys to not be able to get rid of potassium, which leads to the accumulation of potassium in the blood, ranging from 5.1 – 6.0 mmol / liter, especially in patients with kidney disease.
2. Respiratory problems
Excess potassium intake causes shortness of breath, chest pain, and heart palpitations.
3. Drug interactions
Potassium supplements or foods rich in potassium may cause interactions with certain medications such as: diabetes medications, kidney disease medications, heart disease medications, and diuretics that prevent potassium from being excreted in the urine.
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers cause the body to stop removing potassium.
Potassium supplements result in a number of side effects, including the following:
- Abdominal discomfort.
- Excess potassium in the blood.
It is advised before taking potassium supplements to consult a doctor, and drink plenty of fluids and water, neglecting hydration can lead to constipation and bowel obstruction in severe cases.