Is it safe to take medicine while pregnant?
Some are known to be dangerous — and taking them while pregnant can result in premature births, birth defects or infant loss. Only a small percentage of medicines — fewer than 10 percent, according to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) — have been proven to be safe for pregnant women to take during pregnancy.
Safe medicines for pregnant women
There are different types of medicines that a pregnant woman takes, some are classified as safe and some have dangerous effects on the mother and fetus, especially in the first months of pregnancy, so what are the best safe medicines for pregnant women that can be used?
Fortunately, many pregnant women can safely manage chronic health problems through the use of medications, but it is important to make sure that you choose the right medications for them and their fetus.
What are the safe medicines for pregnant women?
Pregnant women resort to using various medications to relieve the pain that they feel at the beginning of pregnancy symptoms or when suffering from a disease, or even during labour, but there are many of them that may threaten the health of the mother and fetus,
Therefore, you should know the safe medicines for pregnant women to treat health problems, including:
1. Pain and headache relievers
One of the most important tips your doctor gives you is physical rest to avoid headaches and muscle aches, but if you still feel them, he may recommend using acetaminophen or paracetamol.
It is preferable to avoid aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), as it has been shown that taking them in early pregnancy may increase the risk of miscarriage and birth defects of the fetus.
2. Colds and Allergies
A large number of pregnant women go through during the nine months with symptoms of Cold and allergies, and the safest way is to go for rest treatments and drink warm fluids.
In the case of influenza , the risk increases more, as it can cause pneumonia for the mother, and it is preferable here to take safe medicines for pregnant women against colds.
And if you suffer from the symptoms of poor sleep and eating that accompany the flu, your doctor may recommend taking chlorpheniramine, knowing that it is a safe option and does not have any effects on the child.
It is also safe for pregnant women to relieve coughing. Doctors recommend taking dextromethorphan, and it is preferable to avoid medicines that contain iodine, as they can cause thyroid problems that threaten the fetus, and they also contain high levels of alcohol.
3. Gastrointestinal disorders
Heartburn, constipation, and hemorrhoids are some of the most common symptoms during pregnancy, and fortunately there are many solutions to prevent these problems.
Medicines to treat heartburn
It is preferable to avoid eating large and fatty meals, especially in the evening periods, as foods full of fried or spicy flavors often lead to heartburn , but if the heartburn persists, you should take safe antacids such as calcium carbonate.
Medications to treat constipation
It is preferable to drink a lot of water and eat foods rich in fiber, and if constipation problems persist , you should take large quantities of laxatives consisting of fiber supplements, while avoiding stimulant laxatives such as castor oil, which can stimulate labor.
Medicines to treat hemorrhoids
When suffering from hemorrhoids, use products that contain glycerin, which is considered a safe drug for pregnant women, and avoid hydrocortisone, as it has not been proven completely safe.
Before taking any medication, be sure to consult your doctor first.
4. High blood pressure
If you suffer from high blood pressure, you can use methyldopa medications. It is best to avoid ACE inhibitors, which are used to treat high blood pressure, because they damage the fetus’s kidneys after the first trimester.
It has been found that the most common antidepressants such as serotonin reuptake inhibitors and fluoxetine may expose the baby to stress in the first few days after birth, so it is best to consult a doctor for safe antidepressant medications for pregnant women.
6. Bacterial infections
Antibiotics are often prescribed during pregnancy to treat a variety of bacterial infections. While most of these medications are safe for both mother and baby, there are a few exceptions:
- Erythromycin : which affects the function of the liver of a pregnant woman.
- Fluoquinolones : These harm your child’s bones and cartilage.
- Tetracycline: It can stain your child’s primary and permanent teeth.
Other options for safe medications for pregnant women
A pregnant woman can use several natural remedies to relieve health problems that she may suffer from during pregnancy, despite the presence of safe medicines for pregnant women, including:
- Acupuncture helps acupuncture to relieve the feeling of facilities for early pregnancy nausea.
- Hypnosis: to relieve back pain.
- Warm bath immersion: Combined with relaxation to relieve labor pain.
- Prenatal massage: which would reduce pain.
- Herbal tea: which can be strong and may be dangerous to the mother’s health, so it is preferable to consult a doctor about safe herbs.
- Psychological support: to relieve labor pain.
For your safety and the safety of your child, always check what kind of medicine you are taking or any alternative treatment you are using, and it is preferable to consult your doctor in all cases