Can you detect autism in babies?
Although autism is hard to diagnose before 24 months, symptoms often surface between 12 and 18 months. If signs are detected by 18 months of age, intensive treatment may help to rewire the brain and reverse the symptoms.
Symptoms of autism in infants
Although it is difficult to diagnose autism before the age of two years, symptoms appear between the age of one and a year and a half, and early detection of autism helps in conducting the necessary intensive treatments and benefiting from the flexibility of the brain at this age to alleviate symptoms and problems related to autism.
Symptoms of autism in infants include the following:
1. Problems with social skills
These problems include:
- Problems with eye contact, such as: not looking into the parents’ eyes when feeding him.
- Not responding to parents’ smile or facial expressions.
- Not pointing or picking up things from parents.
- Not responding to their names when calling them or responding to voices.
- Do not use gestures on their own.
2. Communication problems
Communication problems may include :
- Inability to say words at 16 months.
- Repeating the words of others without understanding the meaning is called echo.
- Loss of language and social milestones between 15 and 24 months of age, called regression.
- Speech problems , such as the inability to start or complete a conversation.
- Problems using pronouns, such as saying I instead of you.
3. Behavior problems
Among the most notable are the following:
- Stereotypic behavior such as spinning, rocking, rolling, yelling, walking on toes for long periods, and flapping hands.
- Stare and see things from unusual angles.
- Extreme sensitivity or insensitivity to lights, sounds and smells.
- Routine and difficulty changing or moving from one activity to another.
Symptoms of autism in infants by age
Parents should make an appointment with the doctor if signs and symptoms of autism are observed in infants. The doctor will examine the child for signs of autism spectrum disorder.
The doctor observes how the child laughs, how he tries to regain attention during the conversation, how he responds to his name, how he cries, and how he looks into the eyes.
In addition to reviewing the family history, health examinations, and the parents’ view of the child’s behavior.
Here are some age-related symptoms of autism in infants as well:
1. 6 months old
The child does not smile, and does not show a warm or cheerful expression.
2. 9 months old
Not responding to sounds from the front or back, facial expressions, or smiles.
3. Age 12 months
Not responding to the name when called, even if the name is repeated, but can respond to other sounds.
In addition to the absence of gestures, such as: waving or pointing at something.
4. Age 16 months
The child does not say any single words or others.
5. Age 18 months
Cannot pronounce meaningful two-word phrases other than imitation or repetition.
6. Age 24 months
Do not try to make any effort for a child with autism to compensate for the delay in speaking, unlike a normal child who suffers from a delay in speaking and who tries to point or gestures and facial expressions to compensate for his inability to speak.
Symptoms of autism in infants
Symptoms of autism appear at an early age, as parents notice behavioral disturbances in the child before the age of 3 years.
The American Pediatric Association recommends adding developmental screening for autism spectrum disorder for all children between the ages of 8 months and 24 months to the list of general screenings and immunizations given to children .
The first three years of a child’s life are crucial, and it is difficult for parents to recognize the differences in infant social and language skills that distinguish autistic patients from others.
The signs and symptoms of autism vary greatly among patients. It is possible for some sufferers to have mild problems and disabilities, while others face more complex problems, but all sufferers share problems in the following three areas:
- Verbal and nonverbal communication.
- behaviors .
- social skills.