Symptoms of high sodium

How do you get your sodium levels down?

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How do you get your sodium levels down?

Incorporate foods with potassium like sweet potatoes, potatoes, greens, tomatoes and lower-sodium tomato sauce, white beans, kidney beans, nonfat yogurt, oranges, bananas and cantaloupe. Potassium helps counter the effects of sodium and may help lower your blood pressure.

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Symptoms of high sodium

The high sodium  or scientifically called hyper – term blood sodium (hypernatremia) occurs when sodium levels in the blood are too high, which would be accompanied by some characteristic symptoms and various health problems.

It is worth noting that most minor cases of high sodium are not dangerous, but it is important to control it so that it does not worsen and cause serious health problems.

High sodium in the blood is diagnosed if its levels are higher than 145 milliequivalents per liter. What are the symptoms of high sodium?

Symptoms of high sodium

High sodium may not be accompanied by any distinct symptoms, but if it appears, it may include the following:

1. General symptoms of high sodium

  • Excessive thirst, which is one of the main symptoms of high sodium.
  • Lethargy and extreme tiredness.
  • Decreased energy level.
  • confusion.

2. Serious High Sodium Symptoms

If the sodium level is too high, symptoms may develop to become more serious and include the following:

  • Muscle  twitching or  spasm .
  • fits;
  • Brain malfunction.
  • coma.
  • the death.

These acute symptoms are very rare and usually appear in people who have a very rapid and severe rise in the level of sodium in the blood plasma.

When should you consult a doctor?

As mentioned, a moderately elevated sodium level may not require medical attention, but on the other hand, it is important to seek medical help in the following cases:

  • Feeling of unexplained tiredness and fatigue .
  • Irritability and unexplained mood changes.

How does the body control sodium levels in the blood?

In general, hypernatremia occurs if its levels are high, or the level of fluid in the body is low, the result is the same, which is that the level of fluid for sodium is less than normal

The kidneys and adrenal glands are  responsible for regulating sodium levels in the body. The adrenal glands produce a hormone called aldosterone, which in turn works with the kidneys to maintain the balance of sodium in the blood.

There are receptors in the brain that sense high levels of sodium in the blood to send signals that we need to drink more water through thirst, or that higher concentrations of sodium are excreted in the urine.

It should be noted that the high level of sodium in the blood is a condition that increases the risk of its occurrence with age, because the feeling of thirst also decreases with age.

A person is also more likely to have various health problems with age, which would affect the levels of sodium in the blood.

Complications of high sodium

Untreated high sodium in the blood can lead to very serious complications.

One of the most serious complications is brain hemorrhage, which can occur due to rupture of the blood vessels in the brain. Untreated hypernatremia is associated with a mortality rate of 15-20%.

source : wikipedia

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