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The difference between alopecia and fungi

Is alopecia a fungal infection?

Is alopecia a fungal infection?

Typical first symptoms of alopecia areata are small bald patches; the underlying skin looks superficially normal. These patches can take many shapes but are most usually round or oval [6]. The cause of focal hair loss may be diagnosed by the appearance of the patch and examination for fungal agents.

The difference between alopecia and fungi

fungi , Hair loss and the appearance of voids are common problems that have many causes, including alopecia or dermatophytes that affect the scalp. The difference between alopecia and dermatophytes is as follows:

1. Alopecia Areata

It is hair loss that does not cause pain and is characterized by leaving spaces in the form of oval spots free of hair, and it can affect any age group, but it is more common in children and young people.

There are two types of Alopecia Totalis, which affects patches on the scalp, or Alopecia Universalis, which causes hair loss on the entire head and body.

Alopecia is associated with autoimmune diseases, such as: vitiligo , diabetes, thyroid disease, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus erythematosus .

2. Fungi

Dermatophytes infect the scalp, which leads to hair loss and flaking of the scalp. Dermatophytes spread in children, causing the so-called tinea capitis, which is a common form of hair loss in children.

It is important to know that fungi take up to six weeks to grow on the scalp, and rarely cause a pus-filled inflammatory mass that may heal after treatment leaving a scar.

The difference between alopecia and fungus: symptoms

The symptoms caused by both alopecia and dermatophytes that affect the scalp vary, and here are the most prominent:

vixen
fungi 
The appearance of a bald spot on the scalp
Itching, redness, and dryness of the scalp
The appearance of bald spots in the beard in some cases
Bald spots appear as a result of hair breakage and fragility
Partial or complete loss of eyelashes
In advanced cases, yellow or white pimples or scales appear on the scalp
Nail problems such as roughness, pits, or nail bumps
In rare cases, a painful, pus-filled swelling appears

The difference between alopecia and fungus: diagnosis

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1. Vixen

Diagnosis of alopecia is based on examining the scalp, examining the hair under a microscope, and observing the symptoms that appear on the patient such as hair loss and others.

In some cases, the doctor resorts to a skin biopsy or blood tests to see if the cause is due to autoimmune diseases . 

2. Fungi

Dermatophytes that infect the scalp are suspected based on appearance, so doctors resort to using the following diagnostic methods:

  • Taking a biopsy of the affected skin for a microscopic examination or fungal culture test.
  • Do a Wood’s Lamp test to confirm the presence of a fungal infection in the scalp.
  • Polymerase chain reaction assay, which results in a faster and more accurate diagnosis of the presence of dermatophytes.

The difference between alopecia and fungus: treatment

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1. Vixen

So far, there is no cure for alopecia, but despite that, some treatment methods can be used that help regrow hair more quickly, and here are the most prominent:

  • Corticosteroids, which are anti-inflammatory drugs that can suppress the immune system.
  • Use of photochemotherapy, as a study has proven its role in helping to treat alopecia, but it is not considered a common treatment.
  • Doctors resort to prescribing preventive and curative methods to provide the protection that hair provided to patients, such as: applying sunscreen, and using an ointment prescribed by the doctor to put inside the nose, in order to keep the membranes moist and provide protection from living organisms in cases where the patient begins to lose nose hair.

2. Fungi

The choice of treatment is determined by the type of skin fungus causing tinea capitis, the degree of inflammation it causes, and in some cases, the patient’s immune and nutritional status.

Treatment is by giving medications and hair cleansers that contain selenium sulfide, which reduce the risk of infection spreading by reducing the number of germs . 

source : wikipedia

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