The effect of tonsillitis on the body

How does tonsillitis affect the body?

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How does tonsillitis affect the body?

A sore throat is the most common of all tonsillitis symptoms. You may also have a cough, high temperature (fever), headache, feel sick (nausea), feel tired, find swallowing painful, and have swollen neck glands. The tonsils may swell and become red. Pus may appear as white spots on the tonsils.

The effect of tonsillitis on the body

Tonsillitis is a common disease in childhood, but it can affect adults and young people as well. It usually clears up within three days, and symptoms such as fever improve within a week.

Despite this, some individuals do not improve their symptoms during the aforementioned period, but rather worsen. The following is the most important effect of tonsillitis on the body:

1. Recurring tonsillitis

Tonsillitis may occur repeatedly in some individuals each time they develop an upper respiratory infection . This is called recurrent tonsillitis or chronic tonsillitis, which can severely affect a person’s daily activities, and the frequency of infection can affect growth and development.

Chronic or recurrent tonsillitis is usually diagnosed if a person has any of the following symptoms:

  • The occurrence of tonsillitis at least seven times during the previous year.
  • The occurrence of tonsillitis at least five times each year during the previous two years.
  • Tonsillitis has occurred at least three times each year for the previous three years. 

2. Abscess formation around the tonsils

In some people, the abscess may begin to appear only a few days after the symptoms of tonsillitis appear. The inflammation of the tonsils that results in the appearance of an abscess is called purulent tonsillitis ; An abscess appears as a pus-filled sac that forms between the wall of the throat and the back of one of the tonsils.

3. Spread of infection

One of the effects of tonsillitis on the body is that the infection may spread to the areas surrounding the tonsils, which in turn leads to inflammation and infection of the surrounding tissues.

For example, the bacteria in the abscess may penetrate the proximal jugular vein, which then spreads the infection into the blood and causes septicemia.

4. The appearance of tonsil stones

Bacteria can accumulate in the cavities on the surface of the tonsils, which leads to the formation of vesicles.

This results in the formation of yellow or white foul-smelling stones called tonsil stones .

5. Difficulty breathing

Repeated tonsillitis causes enlargement of the tonsils, which leads to snoring , sleep disturbance, and difficulty breathing from the mouth, and here the effect of tonsillitis on the body appears in what is called obstructive apnea. 

6. Rheumatic fever

In case of infection of the tonsils infected with the bacterium Streptococcus ( of Streptococcus ) may lead to serious complications, such as rheumatic fever , which is believed to be caused by the occurrence of an immune inflammatory response of the body, and may lead to the effect on heart valves and joints.

7. Infection with glomerulonephritis

Tonsillitis caused by streptococcus bacteria may lead to glomerulonephritis, an inflammation of the blood-purifying part of the body, which in turn may lead to inflammation of the kidneys.

8. Infection of the ear and sinuses

In addition to what we mentioned, the effect of tonsillitis on the body may extend to the ears.

It is possible for tonsillitis to cause ear infection if the infection moves to the Eustachian tube, and sinusitis if it moves to the back of the nose in the sinuses. 

9. The appearance of a brain abscess

Tonsillitis rarely reaches the brain, but if it does, it can cause a brain abscess or meningitis. 

Causes of tonsillitis

Tonsillitis is often caused by a virus, although a bacterial infection can cause it.

More types of bacteria that cause tonsillitis are common bacteria Streptococcus pyogenes ( of Streptococcus Pyogenes ), which is the same bacteria that cause throat infection.

Streptococcus pyogenes is not the only bacteria that causes tonsillitis; There are other types of streptococcus bacteria that may cause infection. 

Risk factors for tonsillitis

Risk factors for developing tonsillitis include young age and frequent exposure to germs.

Children are often more likely to get tonsillitis, and tonsillitis caused by bacteria is most common in children ages 5 to 15.

source : wikipedia

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