What is the treatment for cartilage damage in the knee?
protect the affected area from further injury by using a support, such as a knee brace. rest the affected joint. elevate the affected limb and apply an ice pack to the joint regularly. take ordinary painkillers, such as paracetamol or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen.
Knee cartilage is a flexible connective tissue that covers the ends of the bones. It allows the joints to move smoothly and protects them from friction.
Although the cartilage is somewhat stiff, it may be broken, cut or injured for several reasons, causing pain and the inability to move the member.
The knee cartilage may be subjected to cutting for several reasons, including: direct injury, severe infections, or accidents, and this is in different degrees according to the severity and severity of the cut. The degrees of knee cartilage cutting are divided into the following:
|degree 0||Natural cartilage.|
|1 . degree||Soft cartilage with swelling, pain and limited movement.|
|degree 2||External incisions in the cartilage did not exceed 1.5 centimeters, and did not reach the subchondral bones.|
|3 . degree||Deep incisions in the cartilage of more than 1.5 centimeters, with or without the incision reaching the subchondral bone.|
|4 . degree||The most dangerous degree in which the subchondral bone is completely exposed.|
Symptoms of damaged or cut knee cartilage
The following are the most prominent symptoms that appear when exposed to any degree of knee cartilage cut except for zero, but within the sharp differences of these symptoms:
- Severe pain in the knee joint, worsening with movement and also continuing with rest.
- swelling and puffiness;
- Joint roughness.
- The separation of the cartilage or joint from its place.
Knee cartilage injury treatment
Depending on the degree of cartilage removal in the knee, treatment, which often includes the following methods:
1. Home Remedies
Home remedies are approved for cases of cartilage cut or minor rupture , and these treatments are as follows:
- Use a knee brace.
- Rest the injured member.
- Elevate the injured member.
- Apply cold compresses.
- Take sedative medications, such as:
- Acetaminophen ( Acetaminophen).
2. Chondroscopic surgery
Sometimes endoscopy is used to smooth or smooth the affected cartilage. Anesthesia in the meniscus surgery is either local around the knee, or organ anesthesia, meaning the leg is completely anesthetized, or sometimes complete, meaning that the person sleeps during the operation.
Chondroscopic surgery is performed depending on the degree of cartilage cut in the knee, and the operation is carried out as follows:
- The doctor makes a small incision.
- The doctor injects saline into the incision to widen the vessels and ease the insertion of the endoscope and camera.
- The doctor repairs the cut, then draws saline around the joint and cartilage and closes the wound with sutures.
3. Knee replacement
In severe cases and knee lacerations, meaning that the degrees of knee cartilage were high, it is possible to resort to the operation of replacing the knee joint with an artificial joint, so that the metal or plastic machine is attached to the bone end instead of the cartilage or the damaged joint.
There are some conditions before performing this operation, and these conditions are as follows:
- Confirmation of the patient’s consent to perform the operation by signing the contents of the operation instructions.
- Take full information about the medical history, and conduct a comprehensive clinical examination.
- Ensure that the patient does not take any types of drug allergies, especially anesthesia drugs in case you suffer from them.
- Ensuring that the blood -diluting and anti-coagulant drugs have been stopped with the agreement of the specialist doctor, at least two weeks before the operation.
- You must fast from food and drink for at least 8 hours before the procedure.
4. Tissue culture
Tissue culture is one of the modern operations used in modern medicine for the treatment of torn meniscus in the knee, and this type of treatment is also done in the case of advanced levels of knee chondromalacia.
Tissue culture is done by culturing healthy cartilage tissue after it has been grown in the laboratory and transplanting it to the site of the affected tissue.