What are the symptoms of nephritis?
IgA nephropathy is a disease that damages the filters in the kidneys. What are the symptoms of immune nephritis? Follow the article to know more:
Symptoms of immune nephritis
During the early stages, the patient will not suffer from symptoms of immune nephritis, as the infection may last for years without feeling any symptoms. However, there are many symptoms of immune nephritis that confirm infection, and the most common initial symptoms include the following:
- The presence of blood in the urine, which may indicate damage to the glomeruli.
- Urine turning pink or brown, and sometimes dark.
- Proteinuria, or albuminuria, a condition that occurs when the amount of albumin or protein in the urine is high when the protein in large quantities from the blood leaks into the urine, which in turn leads to swelling of the ankles, legs or feet.
Symptoms of end-stage autoimmune nephritis at least 10 or 20 years after infection include:
- lethargy and drowsiness;
- high blood pressure ;
- Weight loss.
- Not urinating.
- dark skin;
- Fatigue and tiredness.
- skin dryness.
- vomiting, nausea;
- Itching and numbness.
- difficulty concentrating
- Muscle spasm.
- Headaches .
- sleep problems
Complications of autoimmune nephritis
Complications of immune nephritis vary from one person to another, and some patients may suffer from the following complications:
1 in 4 people with autoimmune nephritis develop kidney failure in the later stages of the disease, and 1 in 20 children develop kidney failure in the later stages of the disease.
High blood cholesterol
This increases the risk of heart attacks.
This is caused by the deposits of immunoglobulin A, which leads to an increase in blood pressure, thus further damaging the kidneys.
Chronic kidney problems
As autoimmune nephritis causes the kidneys to gradually stop working, the patient then needs a kidney transplant or permanent dialysis to survive.
Damage to the glomeruli causes many problems, such as low blood protein, high protein in the urine, swelling of the abdomen, eyelids, and feet, or high levels of fat and cholesterol in the blood.
Diagnosis of immune nephritis
After noticing symptoms of autoimmune nephritis, the following tests help determine the disease accurately:
- Blood test: A blood test shows the level of creatinine in the blood.
- Urine test: A urine test detects the presence of blood or protein in the urine.
- Biopsy: The only way to confirm autoimmune nephritis is a biopsy. A small needle is used to take a piece of kidney tissue and examine it in a lab.
- Iothalamate filtration test: This test is used to check how well the kidneys are excreting waste products.