Types of anemia in children

What is child anemia?

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What is child anemia?

Page Content. Anemia is a condition in which the amount of red blood cells in the body is decreased below normal for your child’s age. It can make your child appear pale in color and feel cranky, tired, or weak.

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types of anemia in children

There are many types of anemia in children, and in the following article we will mention the most prominent types of anemia in children:

1. Iron deficiency anemia

Iron deficiency anemia is one of the most common types of anemia in children, and is caused by a lack of iron, which is needed to make hemoglobin, which is necessary to transport oxygen. Iron deficiency anemia in children results for several reasons, including:

  • Bleeding .
  • The body’s inability to adequately absorb iron.
  • Not eating enough food that contains iron.
  • The body’s need for iron increases, especially in the case of pregnancy.

2. Megaloblastic anemia

One of the types of anemia in children is  megaloblastic anemia , a disease of the bone marrow, characterized by the presence of immature red blood cells in the bone marrow, due to a defect in the manufacture of genetic material (DNA). Among the factors that lead to megaloblastic anemia, we mention:

  • Vitamin B12 deficiency.
  • Folic acid deficiency.
  • Problems with the production of DNA and pyrimidine.

3. Aplastic anemia

The  anemia Allatensjah  are types of anemia in children, a rare and dangerous species that cause stop producing blood cells from the bone marrow and produce for several reasons, including:

  • Immune diseases and pregnancy, which cause the immune system to attack the cells responsible for producing blood cells.
  • Radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
  • Exposure to toxic chemicals.
  • Use of certain medications, such as some antibiotics.
  • Viral infections.

4. Sickle cell disease

The  sickle cell anemia is a type of inherited anemia caused by the production of red blood cells deformed, where red blood cells are weak and potentially explosive.

In order for an individual to develop sickle cell disease, he must inherit two copies of the abnormal gene from his parents. In the case of sickle cell trait, the individual inherits one gene and will not suffer from symptoms of anemia, and it is called a carrier of anemia.

5. Thalassemia

One of the types of anemia in children is thalassemia , an inherited disease that causes the production of an abnormal form or insufficient amounts of hemoglobin, and thalassemia results when there is a defect in one of the genes that helps in the production of proteins that go into making hemoglobin.

6. Other types of anemia in children

Which usually includes the following:

Hemolytic anemia: Hemolytic  anemia is a type of anemia in children that results from the breakdown of red blood cells more quickly than they are produced. There are two main types of hemolytic anemia:

    • Of the inherited hemolytic anemia:  produce anemia due to inherited degenerative disease inherited the necessary genes from parents to children.
    • Acquired hemolytic anemia: Acquired hemolytic anemia causes the destruction of red blood cells due to a number of medications and diseases, such as: some bacterial or viral infections, and some immune diseases.

source : wikipedia

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