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What are the degrees of hepatomegaly?

What is significant hepatomegaly?

.What is significant hepatomegaly?

Hepatomegaly is an enlarged liver, which means it’s swollen beyond its usual size. Your liver has a lot of important jobs. It helps clean your blood by getting rid of harmful chemicals that your body makes.

What are the degrees of hepatomegaly?

The liver is one of the largest organs in the human body and its size increases with age, as the liver reaches its adult size upon reaching the age of 15 years, but what are the degrees of liver enlargement ?

degrees of hepatomegaly

Before answering the question of what are the degrees of liver enlargement, we must know what the liver includes, as hepatomegaly is represented by an increase in the size of the liver for many pathological reasons, and it is one of the pathological signs that cannot be felt, as the enlargement of the liver is detected only by examining the doctor.

It is worth noting that the normal liver weight ranges from 1200 g to 1400 g in women, while its weight ranges between 1400 g to 1500 g in men.

Now to answer the question what are the degrees of liver enlargement, in fact there is no special system that shows the degrees of liver enlargement, but there is a system that works to clarify the different degrees of hepatic steatosis, which is one of the causes of liver enlargement, which is the accumulation of fat in the liver, and the degrees of hepatic steatosis are as follows:

  • degree 0

It is the degree that represents a normal healthy liver, as the degree 0 represents the presence of fat cells whose forgetfulness ranges from 0% to 5% of the total weight of the liver.

  • 1 . degree

It is the degree that represents mild hepatic steatosis, as grade 1 is represented by the presence of fat cells whose forgetfulness ranges between 5% to 33% of the total weight of the liver.

  • degree 2

It is the degree that represents moderate hepatic steatosis, as degree 2 is represented by the presence of fat cells whose forgetfulness ranges between 34% to 66% of the total weight of the liver.

  • 3 . degree

It is the degree that represents severe hepatic steatosis, as grade 3 is represented by the presence of fat cells whose weight exceeds 66% of the total weight of the liver.

Causes of an enlarged liver

There are many causes of an enlarged liver. Among these reasons are:

  • Hepatitis C infection.
  • Incidence of cirrhosis of liver .
  • Cancer has spread to the liver.
  • Incidence of lymphoma
  • Fatty liver disease not caused by alcohol consumption.
  • Having heart failure
  • Hemochromatosis infection.
  • Hepatic vein thrombosis
  • Infection with amyloidosis.

Symptoms of an enlarged liver

Liver enlargement is not a disease in itself, but rather a symptom of diseases, but there are some symptoms accompanying an enlarged liver, such as:

  • Feeling of discomfort in the abdomen.
  • feeling itchy
  • Dark-colored urine.
  • Feeling of fullness in the abdomen
  • Yellowing of the eyes and skin .
  • Change in bowel movement
  • Feeling tired and weak.
  • feeling sick
  • Lose weight.

If the following symptoms appear, you should go to the emergency center immediately:

  • Feeling irritable and upset.
  • Feeling of pain, swelling and bloating in the abdomen.
  • Feeling confused or hallucinating.
  • Inability to walk properly.
  • Feeling very tired.
  • An increase in the heart rate .
  • Vomiting black matter or blood.

Preventing an enlarged liver

Liver enlargement can be prevented by following some simple tips, such as:

  • Use the medication as advised by the doctor.
  • Avoid consuming alcoholic beverages.
  • Doing exercise regularly.
  • Follow a diet low in fat and saturated and trans fats.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.

Complications of hepatomegaly

Failure to treat hepatomegaly properly may lead to the emergence of many complications, including:

  • Hepatic encephalopathy.
  • liver failure;
  • Portal hypertension.
  • Liver cancer.
  • Spread of inflammation or cancer cells.

source : wikipedia

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