What does it mean when your hemoglobin is low?
Low hemoglobin levels usually indicate that a person has anemia. There are several kinds of anemia: Iron-deficiency anemia is the most common type. This form of anemia occurs when a person does not have enough iron in their body, and it cannot make the hemoglobin it needs.
is a protein found in red blood cells in human blood. Hemoglobin carries oxygen from the lung to the rest of the human tissue, and then back, carrying carbon dioxide to the lung.
is made up of four protein molecules, each molecule is called a globulin, and each molecule is connected to the other.
carries iron molecules inside, which is essential in transporting oxygen and carbon dioxide, and iron gives blood its red color.
also helps maintain the normal shape of red blood cells, which are circular in shape, and contain a cavity in the middle. Therefore, any problems with the proportions or shape of hemoglobin may negatively affect the normal shape of red blood cells.
in the human blood. The doctor may order this test to check on the human health in general. A hemoglobin test is usually part of a complete blood count.
This examination gives indications of human health and that it is free from various diseases. The examination is carried out by taking a blood sample from the patient, and fasting is not required before it is performed.
High level of hemoglobin in the blood
in the blood may be a sign of a person suffering from a rare disease called polycythemia .
This disease causes the body to make red blood cells in excess of abnormal numbers, making the blood thicker and more viscous.
Polycythemia vera leads to serious complications such as clots, heart attacks , and strokes, as it is considered a serious disease that must be treated and not neglected.
caused by severe dehydration, smoking, and living in heights.
Decrease in hemoglobin in the blood
in the blood may be indicative of anemia of various types:
- Iron anemia.
- Pregnancy-related anemia.
- Anemia associated with vitamin deficiency.
- Aplastic anemia.
- Acquired hemolytic anemia.
- Sickle cell anemia .
Symptoms of anemia
Symptoms vary according to the type of leukemia, the cause, the severity and severity of the condition, and other health diseases associated with the condition. The following are the most famous of these symptoms, which usually appear in patients with anemia of different types:
- Feeling tired and losing energy.
- Rapid heartbeat, especially when exercising.
- Shortness of breath and headache.
- difficulty concentrating
- feeling dizzy
- Paleness of the skin.
How do I maintain the normal level of hemoglobin in the blood?
in the blood and thus prevent various diseases through several methods, including:
- Eating foods that contain high levels of iron, such as: red meat, green leafy vegetables, dried fruits, and nuts of all kinds, if eating these foods helps to increase the iron percentage and thus prevent anemia diseases.
- Eat foods that contain vitamin C, as these foods increase iron absorption , such as: citrus fruits and strawberries.
- Quit smoking: Smoking is the main factor for high hemoglobin in the blood, so it is recommended to quit smoking to maintain its normal levels.
- Consuming plenty of water: Drinking water helps maintain normal levels of hemoglobin and prevents it from rising.