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What is the disease of joint roughness?

What is the most common joint disorder?

What is the most common joint disorder?

osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis. Some people call it degenerative joint disease or “wear and tear” arthritis. It occurs most frequently in the hands, hips, and knees. With OA, the cartilage within a joint begins to break down and the underlying bone begins to change.

What is the disease of joint roughness?

Roughness of the joints is a common type of arthritis occurs as a result of cartilage erosion , which in turn makes the exposed bone and rubs, leading to the interconnected emergence of many annoying symptoms that affect the patient ‘s health and limit the exercise of his life as normal and as usual.

Here is everything related to this disease in terms of causes, methods of diagnosis and various treatments:

joint stiffness

Osteoarthritis or osteoarthritis (Osteoarthritis) , a disease known as osteoarthritis is a health condition that affects the joints of the body leads to the sensation of pain whenever move the affected joint.

In the normal case, the joint is covered with a layer of cartilage that acts as a cushion to protect the bones, and helps the joint to move smoothly and protect it from friction. Pain-causing infections.

Causes of osteoarthritis

There are several causes of joint stiffness, the most important of which are:

  • Excess weight that causes double stress on the joints.
  • Aging leads to erosion of cartilage.
  • Bone fractures.
  • Lack of fluid in the joint.
  • genetic factor.
  • Climbing and descending stairs frequently.
  • Incidence of rheumatic disease .
  • Gout and osteoporosis.

Symptoms of osteoarthritis

In general, patients with osteoarthritis suffer from the following symptoms:

  • Pain : It is one of the main symptoms and is described as severe pain or a feeling of severe burning that appears and disappears from time to time.
  • Stiffness: stiffness in the joints, especially when you wake up in the morning or after a period of inactivity or rest.
  • Muscle weakness: The muscles that surround the joint become weak, especially in cases of rough knees.
  • Spasms and Contractures: Muscle spasms or spasms of the associated tendons in the joint may occur .
  • Swelling: Usually, the roughness of the joints does not cause severe swelling, but rather a slight swelling, especially in the area of ​​the knees.
  • Joint deformity: The joints appear deformed and may lead to bowed legs, especially in the advanced stages of this disease.
  • Cracking and popping: It usually makes crackling or popping sounds when the joint is moved or touched .

Where does arthritis appear?

Arthritis appears in the jaw, shoulders, arm, wrist or ankle, if there are no injuries or unusual conditions in these joints, and this condition affects the following areas:

  •  Fingers: An enlargement of the joints of the fingers can occur at the beginning of the disease, and pain, stiffness and weakness in the joints occur.
  • A column spine: defect in the cylinder occurs  spine between the bones along the spine and leads to stiffness in the back and neck.

Treatment of osteoarthritis disease

In normal cases and when the problem is in its early stages, the doctor advises the patient to take some drugs and medications that reduce the swelling and inflammation that appear in the joints. In addition, the doctor prescribes some medications to preserve the cartilage and reduce its wear.

The treatment period for osteoarthritis disease continues according to the stages of the disease’s progression. During the treatment period, a few old habits change in a person’s life, so he is forced to do some exercise, avoid certain movement positions, and most importantly lose weight to reduce the load on all joints.

source : wikipedia

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